CNC Plasma Cutter

From MakeICT Wiki
(Redirected from CNCPlasmaCutter)
Jump to navigationJump to search
Cnc plasma table.jpg

Safety

  • @TODO (unassigned, no date): Add tips about eye and body protection, dry runs, not turning on the cutter till your ready.

Consumables

The main consumables a member may need to buy are

  • Electrode - 220842
  • 45A Tip - 220941
  • 65A Tip - 220819
  • 45A/65A Shield - 220798 (the 220818 drag tip would be used if you were cutting by hand)
  • 45A FineCut Tip - 220930
  • FineCut Shield - 220948 (the FineCut tip needs a different shield)

You must provide your own electrodes and tips. There is currently a FineCut shield on the plasma cutter, but you may need to provide your own 45A/65A shield.

Plamas consumables.png Plamas nossle part numbers.png

65 Specs

Plamsa 65A mild steel.png Plamsa 65A stainless steel.png Plamsa 65A aluminum.png

45 Specs

Plamas 45 mild steel.png Plamsa 45 stainless steel.png Plamsa 45 aluminum.png

Finecut Specs

Plamas finecut mild steel.png Plamas finecut stainless steel.png

Fusion 360

HOW-TO VIDEO: MakeICT Plasma Setup in Fusion 360 (video)

HOW-TO VIDEO: CNC Plasma First Part in Fusion 360 (video)


Fusion 360 can be used to easily generate the G-code for our CNC Plasma Cutter. The following is some useful information that can get you started. To learn more you can check the 2D Profile reference for an explanation of each of the 2D profile settings.


To get started with default settings that work with MakeICT's plasma table, download the following files.


POST PROCESSOR

The first thing you want to do is to grab the Post-Processor. This will ensure that your G-Code matches what our table needs to operate. This really just replaces the M3 with a pierce probe and adds an M5 to stop the torch.


TEMPLATES

You also want to grab the templates for our table. This is not required, but it will save you from having to track down all of the tool settings yourself.

If you do change the tool settings and the dimensions of your cut parts are important, using ‘Compensation Type: In computer’ under the ‘Passes’ tab is recommended for best accuracy. Using ‘Compensation Type: In control’ will cause errors in LinuxCNC without manual editing of the g-code, and will give inconsistent results.

TOOLS

Finally grab the tool files.


Once you have the files all downloaded you will need to upload them to your Fusion 360 account. You only need to do this once, unless the files change and you need to replace them.

Open Fusion 360

  • Go to the upper right corner ... you should see your name
  • Click on your name and select "Preferences"
  • Under "General" ... select "Manufacture"
  • Check the "Enable Cloud Libraries" checkbox and click the OK button.
  • On the main window, click on the "Show Data Panel" icon in the upper left hand corner (looks like a 3x3 box grid).
  • On the left side of the window, you should see a tab that shows "Projects, Libraries, and Samples". If you do not see this, then at the top you should see a big bold < symbol. Click this, and it should take you to the right place.
  • Under Libraries click on Assets
  • You should now see 4 folders ... CAMMachines, CAMPosts, CAMTempletes, CAMTools
  * CAMPosts - 1 Post Processor File
  * CAMTempletes - 2 Template Files
  * CAMTools - 3 Tool Files
  • Click on the folder that you want to upload, and then drag the file(s) from your download folder to the dialog, and click the Upload Button.
  • Repeat for each folder. To switch to a new folder, you can either click the < at the top and then click on the Assets folder again. Or, on the far left, you should see a the folder you are working on (A triangle symbol followed by > followed by the Folder Name). Click on the triangle, and it will show you all of the folders. If you click on the > symbol, it will give you a drop down with all of the folders.

Now you are ready to begin using Fusion 360 to design your job.

Some basic steps:

Create Sketch

  • Start a new Model
  • Select the X/Y plane (red/green)
  • Create a new sketch
  • Insert an image or SVG ... or you can draw you sketch by hand.
  • Make sure you have extruded your drawing (especially if you are using an image or svg). The depth does not matter, it just has to be extruded.


Switch to MANUFACTURE mode

  • Add a new setup
  • Select "Cutting" operation.
  • Click on the bottom left corner of your drawing to select the anchor point.
  • Right click on the setup you just created, and select "Create From Template".
  • You should have two templates that you added earlier. Use the "MakeICT no leadin or Kerf" for the cases where a quick generation time and getting every pierce is required. The "MakeICT .125 lead in with Kerf" is recommended for dimensional parts but suffer from slower generation time and instability if multiple holes are smaller than .125in.
  • You should now have a new tool showing ... it will have a red circle with an exclamation mark. If you don't see this, click the little triangle to the left of the setup.
  • Right click on the new tool, and select edit.
  • Click on Tool and select the tip size that you will be using for cutting. This should be on the left side under the Cloud section.
  • Select the correct material size.
  • Switch to Geometry, select the area to cut.
  • If you have small parts that may fall into the water, you can add tabs at desired points. Typically you just want one tab per item, to make it easier to remove in the end.
  • Click OK to close the edit dialog.
  • You should now see the tool path on the drawing. You can right click on the setup to simulate the operation if you want to see how it will cut.
  • Final step is to apply the Post-Processor. This will generate the G-Code that you will load on the plasma cutter. Right click on the setup and select Post Process.
  • Make sure that the "Configuration Folder" says <My Cloud Posts>. If it doesn't, click the Setup Button, an switch it to Cloud
  • You should only have one option, but make sure that the Post Configuration section has the MakeICT plasma processor selected.
  • At the bottom Left, change the Units to Inches.
  • Change the Output Folder to the location you want to save your G-Code. You will need this on a USB flash drive, to put it on the plasma computer.


Ready to move to the Plasma


Sheetcam

  1. Open Sheetcam in windows or Linux.
  2. Click File - New part - Click yes if prompted.
  3. Choose file you wish to add .svg or .dxf.
  4. Part should be loaded into Sheetcam.
  5. Change X & Y coordinates to .15 at the bottom of the screen.
  6. Click operation - Plasma cut..
  7. Choose correct tool & layer.
  8. Check for lead ins and lead in length - Click ok.
  9. Look at true width by clicking
  10. Check starting points.
  11. Click Edit start points if they need to be modified.
  12. If everything looks good click run post processor
  13. Title accordingly and save as .ngc

Linuxcnc

  1. Turn on Computer & Table power.
  2. DO NOT TURN ON PLASMA CUTTER!
  3. Login
    1. PC Login: plasma
    2. PC Password: linuxcnc
  4. Open Linuxcnc from the desktop.
  5. Click power button
  6. Enter manual mode
  7. Click homing button
  8. Click home all
  9. While still in manual mode
  10. Use arrow keys to move X&Y where you want to start your job.
  11. Lower Z axis slowly until you are within % inch of your mamaterial
  12. Click open touch off button
  13. Touch off X, Y & Z.
  14. Click auto mode-Load new program
  15. Choose the correct .ngc file.
  16. Double check size measurements on screen to material size..
  17. If everything looks correct you are ready to test run the program.
  18. Dry run with Torch Off.
  19. In Auto mode
  20. Press Play button & have your hand over the escape key on keyboard or on the E-Stop.
  21. If Dry run goes well you can now turn on the Plasma Cutter.
  22. Set Amperage accordingly on the front of the machine.
  23. Make sure the compressor is on and the valve is open.
  24. Before cutting make sure welding curtains are closed and everyone has proper eye protection. (Shade 5 or above)
  25. Treat the torch as if it could turn on at any time.
  26. Do Not put your hand under the torch unless the Plasma cutter is Off.
  27. Auto mode
  28. You can now press the play button while still hovering over the escape key or E-Stop.
  29. Let the program finish & remove your part or parts.

Clean up

  1. Use rags to clean off any water that may be on the machine
  2. Wipe rails and torch shield off with rags.
  3. Sweep the floor and pick up any trash.

Shutdown

  1. When finished Shut off the Plasma cutter first!
  2. Then shut off the table power and shut down the PC.
  3. Shut off Compressor and clean up any messes you have made.

@TODO (unassigned, no date): Add instructions for setting up sheetcam post processor on personal equipment.